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Gewählte Publikation:

Otero, I; Farrell, KN; Pueyo, S; Kallis, G; Kehoe, L; Haberl, H; Plutzar, C; Hobson, P; Garcia-Marquez, J; Rodriguez-Labajos, B; Martin, JL; Erb, KH; Schindler, S; Nielsen, J; Skorin, T; Settele, J; Essl, F; Gomez-Baggethun, E; Brotons, L; Rabitsch, W; Schneider, F; Pe'er, G.
(2020): Biodiversity policy beyond economic growth
CONSERV LETT. 2020; 13(4), e12713 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Increasing evidence-synthesized in this paper-shows that economic growth contributes to biodiversity loss via greater resource consumption and higher emissions. Nonetheless, a review of international biodiversity and sustainability policies shows that the majority advocate economic growth. Since improvements in resource use efficiency have so far not allowed for absolute global reductions in resource use and pollution, we question the support for economic growth in these policies, where inadequate attention is paid to the question of how growth can be decoupled from biodiversity loss. Drawing on the literature about alternatives to economic growth, we explore this contradiction and suggest ways forward to halt global biodiversity decline. These include policy proposals to move beyond the growth paradigm while enhancing overall prosperity, which can be implemented by combining top-down and bottom-up governance across scales. Finally, we call the attention of researchers and policy makers to two immediate steps: acknowledge the conflict between economic growth and biodiversity conservation in future policies; and explore socioeconomic trajectories beyond economic growth in the next generation of biodiversity scenarios.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Erb Karlheinz
Haberl Helmut
Plutzar Christoph
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
biodiversity conservation
biodiversity loss
biodiversity policy
biodiversity scenarios
decoupling
degrowth
economic growth
postgrowth
sustainability policy
transition


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