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Gewählte Publikation:

Quartinello, F; Kremser, K; Schoen, H; Tesei, D; Ploszczanski, L; Nagler, M; Podmirseg, SM; Insam, H; Pinar, G; Sterflingler, K; Ribitsch, D; Guebitz, GM.
(2021): Together Is Better: The Rumen Microbial Community as Biological Toolbox for Degradation of Synthetic Polyesters
FRONT BIOENG BIOTECH. 2021; 9, 684459 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Microorganisms, like bacteria and fungi, are becoming an emerging resource for the development of eco-sustainable plastic degradation and recycling processes. In this study, the rumen content from cattle (Bos taurus) was investigated regarding synthetic polyester hydrolyzing enzymes based on the fact that the diet of ruminants may contain natural plant polyesters. A screening with model substrates demonstrated hydrolytic activities of rumen fluid on p-NP-esters with four to eight carbon atoms. Rumen fluid hydrolyzed synthetic aromatic polyesters with higher amounts of terephthalic acid released from poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) (0.75 and 0.5 mM for polymer powder and film, respectively) and thus exceeded when compared to the hydrolysis of the second terephthalic acid-based polymer-poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) (0.6 and 0.15 mM, for powder and film, reciprocally). Additionally, rumen fluid hydrolyzed the bio-based polyester poly(ethylene furanoate) (PEF) according to HPLC and SEM analysis. Shotgun metagenome analysis of the rumen microbiome revealed the real proportion of all domains of life, showing the dominance of bacteria (98%), followed by Eukaryota (1%) and finally Archaea. Among the most abundant genera encountered in this study, polyester hydrolysis activity has already been proven (e.g., Pseudomonas).
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Gübitz Georg
Kremser Klemens
Pinar Guadalupe
Quartinello Felice
Ribitsch Doris
Sterflinger-Gleixner Katja
Tesei Donatella
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
synthetic polyesters hydrolysis
recycling
microbial communities
rumen
polyester degrading enzymes


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