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Gewählte Publikation:

Tscholl, T; Nachman, G; Spangl, B; Walzer, A.
(2022): Heat waves affect prey and predators differently via developmental plasticity: who may benefit most from global warming?
PEST MANAG SCI. 2022; 78(3): 1099-1108. FullText FullText_BOKU

BACKGROUND Climate warming is considered to affect the characteristics of heat waves by increasing their duration, frequency and intensity, which can have dramatic consequences for ectothermic arthropods. However, arthropods may respond to heat waves via plastic modifications, which could differently affect a predator and its prey. We examined this assumption using prominent counterparts in biological control, the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis and its prey, the spider mite Tetranychus urticae. Individuals of both species were separately exposed to mild and extreme heat waves during their juvenile development. RESULTS Both species developed faster during extreme heat waves, but the proportional increase of the developmental rates was higher in the prey. Independent of sex, P. persimilis reached smaller size at maturity under extreme heat waves, whereas the body size modifications were sex-dependent in T. urticae: males became smaller, but females were able to maintain their size. CONCLUSIONS An accelerated development may result in the reduction of the exposure time of susceptible juvenile stages to heat waves and prey stages to predators. Plastic size adjustments caused a shift in the female predator-prey body size ratio in favor of the prey, which may lead to higher heat resistance and reduced predation risk for prey females under extreme heat waves. In conclusion, our findings indicate that species-specific shifts in age and size at maturity may result in lower suppression efficacy of the predator P. persimilis against its prey T. urticae with severe consequences for biological control of spider mites, if global warming continues.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Spangl Bernhard
Tscholl Thomas
Walzer Andreas

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Climate change
Within-generational plasticity
Heat stress
Predator-prey interactions

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