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Gewählte Publikation:

Steiner F. M., Schlick-Steiner B. C., Holzinger W., Komposch C., Pazoutova S., Sanetra M. & Christian E..
(2004): A novel relationship between ants and a leafhopper (Hymenoptera: Formicidae; Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)
European Journal of Entomology, 101, 689-692 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Ten ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from three subfamilies feed on honeydew excreted by nymphs of the leafhopper Balclutha punctata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). This relationship is facultative for the partners. Preliminary field observations suggest a mutualistic interaction that represents an intermediate stage in the spectrum of formicid-hemipteran mutualisms. Behavioural adaptations of the leafhopper (no escape reaction) and the ants (no predation of leafhoppers, protection from spiders) are evident, but characters of advanced facultative mutualism such as physical contact between the partners or ant-triggered excretion of honeydew were not observed.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Christian Erhard
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Arancae
Auchenorrhyncha
ant-leafhopper relationship
honeydew
insect-insect interactions
mutualism
cicadellidae
formicidae
Balclutha punctata
Calamagrostis epigejos


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