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Gewählte Publikation:

Mardi, M., Buerstmayr, H., Ghareyazie, B., Lemmens, M.,Moshrefzadeh, N., Ruckenbauer P.
(2004): Combining ability analysis of resistance to head blight caused by Fusarium graminearum in spring wheat
Euphytica, 139, 40-45; ISSN: 0014-2336 FullText FullText_BOKU

Fusarium head blight (FHB) caused by Fusarium spp. is one of the most important fungal diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in regions with wet climatic conditions. Improvement of the FHB resistance by developing new varieties requires sound knowledge on the inheritance of resistance. An 8 x 8 diallel analysis was performed to estimate general (GCA) and specific (SCA) combining ability of resistance to FHB. The F(1)s and parental lines were evaluated under artificial inoculation at the experimental field of IFA-Tulln, Austria during 2001 and 2002. Disease severity was evaluated by repeated scoring of the percentage of infected spikelets and calculating an area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC). The analysis of combining ability across two years showed highly significant GCA and non-significant SCA effects indicating the importance of additive genetic components in controlling FHB resistance. The significant GCA-by-year interaction presented the role of environmental factors in influencing the FHB reaction of wheat lines. The comparison of the crosses with low FHB infection and GCA effects of their parents showed that such crosses involved at least one parent with high or average negative GCA effect. The results revealed that it is feasible to use highly or moderately resistant genotypes and conventional breeding methods to achieve genetic improvement of FHB resistance in spring wheat.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Bürstmayr Hermann
Lemmens Marc
Ruckenbauer Peter

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
combining ability analysis
Fusarium graminearum

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