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Gewählte Publikation:

Koschier, E.H., Hoffmann, D., Riefler, J..
(2007): Influence of salicylaldehyde and methyl salicylate on post-landing behaviour of Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande
J APPL ENTOMOL, 131, 362-367; ISSN 1439-0418 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
This study investigates behavioural responses of adult western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande; Thysan., Thripidae) females to direct contact with repellent phenylpropanoid plant compounds (salicylaldehyde and methyl salicylate) applied on bean and cucumber leaves. The residence time of F. occidentalis females until take off was significantly shorter on bean or cucumber leaf discs treated with salicylaldehyde at 1% concentration compared with control leaf discs. A methyl salicylate (1%) treatment of cucumber resulted in shorter time periods until thrips took off the treated leaf discs compared with the control leaf discs. In a choice experiment thrips avoided to settle on a 1% salicylaldehyde treatment of bean and cucumber leaf discs for a maximum of 3 h, on a 1% methyl salicylate treatment for a 5-h period. Within a 24-h period neither the egg-laying nor the feeding activity of F. occidentalis was affected after salicylaldehyde application (0.1%, 1%) on bean or cucumber. In contrast, methyl salicylate (1%) applied on bean and cucumber significantly prevented thrips females from oviposition and reduced the percentage of damaged area caused by their feeding activity for 24 h. As olfactory repellent plant volatiles applied on crop plants may elicit diverse post-landing responses of F. occidentalis, short- and long-term effects should be considered when evaluating the factual applicability of secondary plant compounds in a successful thrips management strategy.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Hoffmann Daniela
Koschier Elisabeth Helene
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
deterrent
host selection
phenylpropanoids
repellent
secondary plant compounds
Thysanoptera
western flower thrips


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