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Gewählte Publikation:

Scherr, KE; Hasinger, M; Mayer, P; Loibner, AP.
(2009): Effect of vegetable oil addition on bioaccessibility and biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in historically contaminated soils
J CHEM TECHNOL BIOTECHNOL. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY; 84: 827-835. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Bioaccessibility is often the limiting factor for the biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in soils. The present study explores the potential of amending canola oil, an economically and ecologically attractive soil additive, for the enhancement of bioaccessibility and, in consequence, biodegradation of PAH in historically contaminated, bioaccessibility limited soils. RESULTS: The amendment of canola oil (1% and 5%, w/w) to contaminated soils increased the bioaccessibility and the subsequent biodegradation of PAH with up to four rings. Residual concentrations of pyrene and fluoranthene in oil-treated soils were 38-53% lower compared to the unamended tests. The continuous removal of bioaccessible PAH with a passive sampling system confirmed that oil amendment indeed increased bioaccessibility, leading to a lower non-accessible PAH fraction. Canola oil amendment did, by contrast, not increase the bioaccessibility of high molecular weight PAH, likely due to their strong binding to soil organic carbon compounds. CONCLUSION: Canola oil can be used efficiently in low concentrations to render PAH up to four rings accessible for biodegradation in historically contaminated soils. Contaminants remaining in soil after treatment may pose a significantly lowered environmental risk, as is indicated by the lack of mobilisation by a solubilising agent such as canola oil. (C) 2009 Society of Chemical Industry
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Brandstätter-Scherr Kerstin
Loibner Andreas Paul
Sumetzberger-Hasinger Marion
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
bioremediation
soil
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
bioaccessibility
canola oil
passive sampling


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