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Gewählte Publikation:

Maischberger, T; Nguyen, TH; Sukyai, P; Kittl, R; Riva, S; Ludwig, R; Haltrich, D.
(2008): Production of lactose-free galacto-oligosaccharide mixtures: comparison of two cellobiose dehydrogenases for the selective oxidation of lactose to lactobionic acid
CARBOHYD RES. CARBOHYDRATE RESEARCH; 343: 2140-2147. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Galacto-oligosaccharides, complex mixtures of various sugars, are produced by transgalactosylation from lactose using beta-galactosidase and are of great interest for food and feed applications because of their prebiotic properties. Most galacto-oligosaccharide preparations currently available in the market contain a significant amount of monosaccharides and lactose. The mixture of galacto-oligosaccharides (GalOS) in this study produced from lactose using recombinant P-galactosidase from Lactobacillus reuteri contains 48%, monosaccharides, 26.5% lactose and 25.5% GalOS. To remove efficiently both monosaccharides and lactose from this GalOS mixture containing significant amounts of prebiotic non-lactose disaccharides, a biocatalytic approach coupled with subsequent chromatographic steps was used. Lactose was first oxidised to lactobionic acid using fungal cellobiose dehydrogenases, and then lactobionic acid and monosaccharides were removed by ion-exchange and size-exclusion chromatography. Two different cellobiose dehydrogenases (CDH), originating from Sclerotium rolfsii and Myriococcum thermophilum, were compared with respect to their applicability for this process. CDH from S. rolfsii showed higher specificity for the substrate lactose, and only few other components of the GalOS mixture were oxidised during prolonged incubation. Since these sugars were only converted once lactose oxidation was almost complete, careful control of the CDH-catalysed reaction will significantly reduce the undesired oxidation, and hence subsequent removal, of any GalOS components. Removal of ions and monosaccharides by the chromatographic steps gave an essentially pure GalOS product, containing less than 0.3% lactose and monosaccharides, in a yield of 60.3%. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Haltrich Dietmar
Kittl Roman
Ludwig Roland
Nguyen Hoang Anh
Nguyen Thu Ha
Nguyen Tien Thanh
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
beta-galactosidase
transgalactosylation
cellobiose dehydrogenase
galacto-oligosaccharides
prebiotics
lactobionic acid
laccase


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