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Gewählte Publikation:

Strobach, S; Kunert, R; Stadlmann, J; Messner, P; Sevcsik, E; Lhota, G; Katinger, H; Vorauer-Uhl, K; .
(2010): Topological transformation of liposomes by a membrane-affecting domain of recombinant human erythropoietin.
J Liposome Res. 2010; 20(1):24-30 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rh-Epo) is well accepted as a hematopoietic drug, but many other pleiotropic properties are currently under investigation. Rh-Epo-induced receptor-mediated signal transductions are accompanied with membrane dynamic processes, which facilitate the activation of individual pathways. However, its direct effect on membrane dynamics is still unknown. In the present study, we have proven the capability of rh-Epo to associate to and transform artificial lipid membranes. Association studies using neutral, negatively, and positively charged liposomes with the native as well as modified rh-Epo were performed and analyzed by transmission electron microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. By these studies, we demonstrated that rh-Epo has the capability to transform negatively charged unilamellar vesicles into so-called disc-like micelles. Rh-Epo association to the negatively charged head groups via lysine and arginine initiates this transformation. At physiological temperatures, conformational changes within the rh-Epo structure expose a defined amino-acid sequence, which is able to induce the formation of discoid membrane structures. Enzymatic digestion, analysis, and isolation of related peptides by rp-HPLC and characterization by MS/MS enabled the identification of the membrane-affecting domain of rh-Epo (MAD-E) that represents the exposed helix B of rh-Epo. Finally, association studies performed with these peptides confirmed that the MAD-E is responsible for the formation of disc-like micelles. Since this helix B of rh-Epo has recently been supposed to be involved in the activation of neuroprotective pathways, we believe that the membrane-transforming capacity of rh-Epo participates in the proliferative activity of rh-Epo.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Katinger Hermann
Kunert Renate
Lhota Gabriele
Messner Paul
Stadlmann Johannes
Vorauer-Uhl Karola
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Amino Acid Sequence;Calorimetry, Differential Scanning;Cellular Structures/metabolism;Erythropoietin/genetics;Erythropoietin/metabolism*;Erythropoietin/pharmacology*;Humans;Liposomes/chemistry*;Membranes/metabolism;Protein Structure, Secondary/genetics;Recombinant Proteins;Signal Transduction/drug effects;Signal Transduction/genetics;Transfection;

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Disc-like micelles
erythropoietin
liposomes
membrane-protein interaction
topological transformation


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