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Gewählte Publikation:

Harreither, W; Felice, AKG; Paukner, R; Gorton, L; Ludwig, R; Sygmund, C.
(2012): Recombinantly produced cellobiose dehydrogenase from Corynascus thermophilus for glucose biosensors and biofuel cells
BIOTECHNOL J. 2012; 7(11): FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) is an emerging enzyme in the field of bioelectrocatalysis. Due to its flexible cytochrome domain, which acts as a built-in redox mediator, CDH is capable of direct electron transfer (DET) to electrode surfaces. This rare property is employed in mediatorless "third generation" biosensors. The ability of Corynascus thermophilus CDH to oxidize glucose under physiological conditions makes it a promising candidate for miniaturized glucose biosensors or glucose powered biofuel cell anodes. We report for the first time the electrochemical application and characterization of a recombinantly produced CDH in a glucose biosensor. Recombinant CDH from C. thermophilus (rCtCDH) was expressed by the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris (376 U L-1, 132 mg L-1). A comparative characterization of rCtCDH and CtCDH shows identical pH optima, KM values and heme b midpoint potentials. In contrast, the specific activity of rCtCDH (2.84 U mg(-1)) and consequently the turnover numbers were similar to five-times lower than for CtCDH, which was caused by a sub-stoichiometric occupation of catalytic sites with flavin-adenin-dinukleotid (FAD). The performance of rCtCDH-modified electrodes demonstrates the suitability for electrochemical studies. This opens the possibility to engineer the substrate specificity of C. thermophilus CDH for specific carbohydrates by rational engineering or directed evolution.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Ludwig Roland
Paukner Regina
Sygmund Christoph
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Bioelectric Energy Sources*;Biosensing Techniques/methods*;Carbohydrate Dehydrogenases/biosynthesis*;Carbohydrate Dehydrogenases/chemistry;Carbohydrate Dehydrogenases/genetics;Cellobiose/metabolism;Electrodes;Fermentation;Glucose/chemistry;Glucose/metabolism*;Kinetics;Molecular Weight;Pichia/genetics;Pichia/metabolism;Recombinant Proteins/biosynthesis*;Recombinant Proteins/chemistry;Recombinant Proteins/genetics;Sordariales/enzymology*;Sordariales/genetics;

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Cyclic voltammetry
Enzymes
Glucose
Pichia pastoris
Steady-state kinetics


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