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Gewählte Publikation:

Maghuly, F; Laimer, M.
(2013): Jatropha curcas, a biofuel crop: Functional genomics for understanding metabolic pathways and genetic improvement
BIOTECHNOL J. 2013; 8(10): 1172-1182. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Jatropha curcas is currently attracting much attention as an oilseed crop for biofuel, as Jatropha can grow under climate and soil conditions that are unsuitable for food production. However, little is known about Jatropha, and there are a number of challenges to be overcome. In fact, Jatropha has not really been domesticated; most of the Jatropha accessions are toxic, which renders the seedcake unsuitable for use as animal feed. The seeds of Jatropha contain high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which negatively impact the biofuel quality. Fruiting of Jatropha is fairly continuous, thus increasing costs of harvesting. Therefore, before starting any improvement program using conventional or molecular breeding techniques, understanding gene function and the genome scale of Jatropha are prerequisites. This review presents currently available and relevant information on the latest technologies (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics) to decipher important metabolic pathways within Jatropha, such as oil and toxin synthesis. Further, it discusses future directions for biotechnological approaches in Jatropha breeding and improvement.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Laimer Margit
Maghuly Fatemeh
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Biofuels*
Biotechnology
Breeding
DNA Shuffling
Genes, Plant
Genome, Plant*
Genomics
Jatropha/genetics*
Jatropha/growth & development
Jatropha/metabolism*
Metabolic Networks and Pathways/genetics*
Plant Oils/metabolism*
Plant Proteins/genetics
Plant Proteins/metabolism
Seeds/genetics
Seeds/metabolism
Seeds/toxicity

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Biofuel
Breeding
Domestication
Purging nut


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