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Gewählte Publikation:

Gerhardt, P; Arnold, JM; Hacklander, K; Hochbichler, E.
(2013): Determinants of deer impact in European forests - A systematic literature analysis
FOREST ECOL MANAG. 2013; 310: 173-186. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Little comprehensive research on forest-ungulate interactions has been undertaken to gain a holistic and deep understanding of the ecological, social and economic interdependencies regarding this sensitive topic. The understanding is mainly constrained by the complexity of the topic, which is further determined by large temporal and spatial scales. For future research as well as for practical implementation, a set of more than a few factors have to be included in study designs. The aim of this study is to present a comprehensive overview of factors and mechanisms which can be modified to address deer impact in function-oriented silviculture. We used the approach of vote-counting to assess not only numerical data from primary literature, but also descriptive findings from conclusions and discussions in the numerous but heterogenic literature on the topic. To mitigate bias introduced in such literature surveys by individual researchers, we used group discussions to extract commonly agreeable results. We surveyed 38 studies from Europe dealing with red deer (Cervus elaphus), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and fallow deer (Dama dama). We found 185 mentions of 80 distinct factors determining browsing, bark stripping and fraying impact of these large ungulates. We provide an overview of the factors, describe the way in which they are correlated with deer impact and suggest ways to incorporate our findings in future research and management practice. Most of the broad variety of factors were related to forest properties and structure, but also disturbance and site features were relevant. We found evidence that most factors are modifiable by silvicultural means but can be overruled where deer density or disturbance of the deer population are locally in excess. Thus, our literature survey highlights the necessity of research and management approaches that integrate forest management, hunting and other stakeholder effects on deer impact. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Gerhardt Philipp
Hackländer Klaus
Hochbichler Eduard
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Deer impact
Forest ungulate relationships
Forest management
Silviculture
Wildlife management


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