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Gewählte Publikation:

Mostafavi, H; Schinegger, R; Melcher, A; Moder, K; Mielach, C; Schmutz, S.
(2015): A new fish-based multi-metric assessment index for cyprinid streams in the Iranian Caspian Sea Basin
LIMNOLOGICA. 2015; 51: 37-52. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
A major issue for water resource management is the assessment of environmental degradation of lotic ecosystems. The overall aim of this study is to develop a multi-metric fish index for the cyprinid streams of the Caspian Sea Basin (MMICS) in Iran. As species diversity and composition as well as population structure in the studied streams are different to other regions, there is a substantial need to develop a new fish index. We sampled fish and environmental data of 102 sites in medium sized streams. We analysed human pressures at different spatial scales and determined applicable fish metrics showing a response to human pressures. In total, five structural and functional types of metrics (i.e. biodiversity, habitat, reproduction, trophic level and water quality sensitivity) were considered. In addition, we used 29 criteria describing major anthropogenic human pressures at sampling sites and generated a regional pressure index (RPI) that accounted for potential effects of multiple human pressures. For the MMICS development, we first defined reference sites (least disturbed) and secondly quantified differences of fish metrics between reference and impaired sites. We used a Generalised Linear Model (GLM) to describe metric responses to natural environmental differences in least disturbed conditions. By including impaired sites, the residual distributions of these models described the response range of each metric to human pressures, independently of natural environmental influence. Finally, seven fish metrics showed the best ability to discriminate between impaired and reference sites. The multi-metric fish index performed well in discriminating human pressure classes, giving a significant negative linear response to a gradient of the RPI. These methods can be used for further development of a standardised monitoring tool to assess the ecological status and trends in biological condition for streams of the whole country, considering its complex and diverse geology and climate. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier GmbH.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Melcher Andreas
Moder Karl
Mostafavi Hossein
Schinegger Rafaela
Schmutz Stefan
Seliger Carina
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Multi-metric fish index
Regional pressure index
Cyprinid rivers
Iran


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