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Gewählte Publikation:

Schaffner, I; Hofbauer, S; Krutzler, M; Pirker, KF; Bellei, M; Stadlmayr, G; Mlynek, G; Djinovic-Carugo, K; Battistuzzi, G; Furtmüller, PG; Daims, H; Obinger, C; .
(2015): Dimeric chlorite dismutase from the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp. PCC7425.
Mol Microbiol. 2015; 96(5):1053-1068 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
It is demonstrated that cyanobacteria (both azotrophic and non-azotrophic) contain heme b oxidoreductases that can convert chlorite to chloride and molecular oxygen (incorrectly denominated chlorite dismutasexxx, Cld). Beside the water-splitting manganese complex of photosystem II, this metalloenzyme is the second known enzyme that catalyses the formation of a covalent oxygen-oxygen bond. All cyanobacterial Clds have a truncated N-terminus and are dimeric (i.e. clade 2) proteins. As model protein, Cld from Cyanothece sp. PCC7425 (CCld) was recombinantly produced in Escherichiacoli and shown to efficiently degrade chlorite with an activity optimum at pH 5.0 [k(cat) 1144 +/- 23.8s(-1), K-M 162 +/- 10.0M, catalytic efficiency (7.1 +/- 0.6)x10(6)M(-1)s(-1)]. The resting ferric high-spin axially symmetric heme enzyme has a standard reduction potential of the Fe(III)/Fe(II) couple of -126 +/- 1.9mV at pH 7.0. Cyanide mediates the formation of a low-spin complex with k(on)=(1.6 +/- 0.1)x10(5)M(-1)s(-1) and k(off)=1.4 +/- 2.9s(-1) (K-D approximate to 8.6M). Both, thermal and chemical unfolding follows a non-two-state unfolding pathway with the first transition being related to the release of the prosthetic group. The obtained data are discussed with respect to known structure-function relationships of Clds. We ask for the physiological substrate and putative function of these O-2-producing proteins in (nitrogen-fixing) cyanobacteria.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Furtmüller Paul Georg
Hofbauer Stefan
Krutzler Michael
Obinger Christian
Pirker Katharina
Schaffner Irene
Stadlmayr Gerhard



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