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Gewählte Publikation:

Tan, TC; Kracher, D; Gandini, R; Sygmund, C; Kittl, R; Haltrich, D; Hällberg, BM; Ludwig, R; Divne, C; .
(2015): Structural basis for cellobiose dehydrogenase action during oxidative cellulose degradation.
Nat Commun. 2015; 6:7542 FullText FullText_BOKU

A new paradigm for cellulose depolymerization by fungi focuses on an oxidative mechanism involving cellobiose dehydrogenases (CDH) and copper-dependent lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMO); however, mechanistic studies have been hampered by the lack of structural information regarding CDH. CDH contains a haem-binding cytochrome (CYT) connected via a flexible linker to a flavin-dependent dehydrogenase (DH). Electrons are generated from cellobiose oxidation catalysed by DH and shuttled via CYT to LPMO. Here we present structural analyses that provide a comprehensive picture of CDH conformers, which govern the electron transfer between redox centres. Using structure-based site-directed mutagenesis, rapid kinetics analysis and molecular docking, we demonstrate that flavin-tohaem interdomain electron transfer (IET) is enabled by a haem propionate group and that rapid IET requires a closed CDH state in which the propionate is tightly enfolded by DH. Following haem reduction, CYT reduces LPMO to initiate oxygen activation at the copper centre and subsequent cellulose depolymerization.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Haltrich Dietmar
Kracher Daniel
Ludwig Roland
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