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Gewählte Publikation:

Miedaner, T; Sieber, AN; Desaint, H; Buerstmayr, H; Longin, CFH; Wurschum, T.
(2017): The potential of genomic-assisted breeding to improve Fusarium head blight resistance in winter durum wheat
PLANT BREEDING. 2017; 136(5): 610-619. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Durum wheat is the most important tetraploid wheat mainly used for semolina and pasta production, but is notorious for its high susceptibility to Fusarium head blight (FHB). Our objectives were to identify and characterize quantitative trait loci (QTL) in winter durum and to evaluate the potential of genomic approaches for the improvement of FHB resistance. Here, we employed an international panel of 170 winter and 14 spring durum lines, phenotyped for Fusarium culmorum resistance at five environments. Heading date, plant height and mean FHB severity showed significant genotypic variation with high heritabilities and FHB resistance was negatively correlated with both heading date and plant height. The dwarfing gene Rht-B1 significantly affected FHB resistance and the genome-wide association scan identified eight additional QTL affecting FHB resistance, explaining between 1% and 14% of the genotypic variation. A genome-wide prediction approach yielded only a slightly improved predictive ability compared to marker-assisted selection based on the four strongest QTL. In conclusion, FHB resistance in durum wheat is a highly quantitative trait and in breeding programmes may best be tackled by classical high-throughput recurrent phenotypic selection that can be assisted by genomic prediction if marker profiles are available.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Bürstmayr Hermann
Desaint Henri
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
dwarfing gene
Fusarium culmorum
genome-wide association scan
genomic prediction
marker-assisted selection
quantitative trait loci


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