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Gewählte Publikation:

Call, L; Kapeller, M; Grausgruber, H; Reiter, E; Schoenlechner, R; D'Amico, S.
(2020): Effects of species and breeding on wheat protein composition
J CEREAL SCI. 2020; 93, 102974 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Wheat proteins are characterized by their excellent contribution to technological and baking properties. However, wheat proteins, especially gluten and amylase-trypsin inhibitors (ATIs), are also known to be responsible for a broad range of intolerances and allergies. In order to evaluate the impact of genetic variability on the composition of these functional but immunogenic protein types, a set of different Triticum species, including common wheat, durum, spelt, emmer and einkorn, was examined regarding ATI and gluten concentrations by RP-HPLC. Additionally, inhibition towards trypsin was determined by an enzymatic assay. Based on the results, none of the investigated wheat species can be considered to be less 'immunogenic'. Nevertheless, due to the large variability of ATI and gluten amounts among different genotypes, the selection of less-immunoreactive wheat varieties for individuals that suffer from wheat related diseases (WRDs) might be possible. The impact of breeding was assessed for different varieties of common wheat from different breeding periods. Results revealed significant improvement of technologically valuable parameters such as the amount of high molecular weight (HMW) glutenins and the gliadin to glutenin ratio, but no increase in immunogenic proteins.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Call Lisa-Maria
Grausgruber Heinrich
Schönlechner Regine
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Amylase-trypsin inhibitor
Ancient wheat
Gluten
Triticum
Wheat sensitivity


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