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Gewählte Publikation:

Honkaniemi, J; Rammer, W; Seidl, R.
(2021): From mycelia to mastodons ? A general approach for simulating biotic disturbances in forest ecosystems
ENVIRON MODELL SOFTW. 2021; 138, 104977 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Forest disturbance regimes are changing around the globe. Of particular concern are biotic disturbance agents, as they respond strongly to climate warming and invade new ecosystems as alien pests and pathogens. To date, biotic disturbances are either ignored in simulations of vegetation dynamics or only a small number of common agents are considered explicitly. Here we present BITE, a general, process-based approach to simulate biotic forest disturbance agents from fungi to large mammals. BITE considers the processes of agent introduction, dispersal, colonization, population dynamics, and vegetation impact explicitly. Here we parameterize the model for six widely different biotic disturbance agents (Heterobasidion annosum, Hymenoscyphus fraxineus, Lymanthia dispar, Anoplophora glabripennis, Capreolus capreolus, Mammut americanum) and evaluate it using pattern-oriented modeling. BITE enables the inclusion of both established and novel biotic disturbance agents in vegetation models, and is a step towards the comprehensive simulation of forest disturbance regimes in a changing world.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Honkaniemi Juha Olavi
Rammer Werner
Seidl Rupert
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Biotic disturbance
Pests
Pathogens
Invasive alien species
Mechanistic modeling


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