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Gewählte Publikation:

Vollmann, J., Fritz, C.N., Wagentristl, H., Ruckenbauer, P..
(2000): Environmental and genetic variation of soybean seed protein content under Central European growing conditions.
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 80, 1300-1306

Seed protein content is important for both feed and food utilisation of soybean. In soybeans grown in Central Europe, considerable variation in protein content was due to seasonal influences, as demonstrated in different experiments from a breeding programme. In soybean genotypes of early maturity groups, average to high protein content (range 399-476 g kg(-1)) was found in years with high air temperature and moderate rates of rainfall during the seed-filling period, whereas seed protein content was drastically reduced (range 265-347 g kg(-1)) in seasons of insufficient nitrogen fixation or higher amounts of precipitation during seed filling. In a set of 60 genotypes, protein content was increased both by late nitrogen fertilisation before the onset of seed filling and by inoculation of seed with nitrogen-fixing rhizobia. Despite the high degree of environmental modification, genetic variation of seed protein content was considerable, and genotype,: environment interaction was of low magnitude. Therefore selection of early maturing soybean genotypes with improved seed protein content appears to be feasible and is only limited by the moderately negative correlation between protein content and seed yield. (C) 2000 Society of Chemical Industry.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Ruckenbauer Peter
Vollmann Johann
Wagentristl Helmut

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
seed protein content
environmental variation
nitrogen fixation
genetic improvement

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