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Gewählte Publikation:

Vospernik, S; Monserud, RA; Sterba, H.
(2015): Comparing individual-tree growth models using principles of stand growth for Norway spruce, Scots pine, and European beech
CAN J FOREST RES. 2015; 45(8): 1006-1018. FullText FullText_BOKU

We examined the relationship between thinning intensity and volume increment predicted by four commonly used individual-tree growth models in Central Europe (i.e., BWIN, Moses, Prognaus, and Silva). We replicated conditions of older growth and yield experiments by selecting 34 young, dense plots of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.). At these plots, we simulated growth, with mortality only, to obtain the maximum basal area. Maximum basal area was then decreased by 5% or 10% steps using thinning from below. Maximum density varied considerably between simulators; it was mostly in a reasonable range but partly exceeded the maximum basal area observed by the Austrian National Forest Inventory or the self-thinning line. In almost all cases, simulated volume increment was highest at maximum basal area and then decreased with decreasing basal area. Critical basal area, at which 95% of maximum volume increment can be achieved, ranged from 0.46 to 0.96. For all simulators, critical basal area was lower for the more shade-tolerant species. It increased with age, except for Norway spruce, when simulated with the BWIN model. Age, where mean annual increment culminated, compared well with yield tables.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Sterba Hubert
Vospernik Sonja

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
individual-tree growth model
emergent properties
density-growth relationship
Picea abies
Pinus sylvestris
Fagus sylvatica

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