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Gewählte Publikation:

Gruber-Brunhumer, MR; Jerney, J; Zohar, E; Nussbaumer, M; Hieger, C; Bochmann, G; Schagerl, M; Obbard, JP; Fuchs, W; Drosg, B.
(2015): Acutodesmus obliquus as a benchmark strain for evaluating methane production from microalgae: Influence of different storage and pretreatment methods on biogas yield
ALGAL RES. 2015; 12: 230-238. FullText FullText_BOKU

Acutodesmus obliquus (SAG 276-1), a microalga with a resistant cell wall, was chosen as a benchmark strain for testing the effect of storage and pretreatment methods on methane yields during anaerobic digestion. A. obliquus was cultivated in sleevebag photobioreactors (batch cultivation). Biomass was centrifuged to a final total solid concentration of 91 g L-1 and subjected to different treatments. The biomass was then subjected to biochemical methane potential tests. Among the different storage methods tested, freezing and freeze-drying resulted in significantly higher CH4 yields, i. e., 350 Nm(3) t(-1) VSharvest (= normalized gas volume in m(3) corrected to norm temperature and pressure per unit harvested volatile solids) (+ 53% CH4) and 291 Nm(3) t(-1) VSharvest (+ 29% CH4) compared to the fresh biomass (229 Nm(3) t(-1) VSharvest). For pretreatments, the combined milling and enzyme approach (300 Nm(3) t(-1) VSharvest, + 57% CH4), ultrasonication (292 Nm(3) t(-1) VSharvest, + 52% CH4) and milling (289 Nm(3) t(-1) VSharvest, + 51% CH4) resulted in significantly higher CH4 conversion compared to the untreated control (191 Nm(3) t(-1) VSharvest). We found a significantly strong positive correlation between viable cell counts and CH4 yields, and a correlation with the solubilized chemical oxygen demand. Our study revealed that mechanical pretreatments were effective and resulted in highest CH4 yields. In addition, the effect of different storage methods must not be neglected. (C) 2015 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Bochmann Günther
Drosg Bernhard
Fuchs Werner
Nussbaumer Magdalena

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Anaerobic digestion
Biochemical methane potential

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