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Gewählte Publikation:

Linnakoski, R; Jankowiak, R; Villari, C; Kirisits, T; Solheim, H; de Beer, ZW; Wingfield, MJ.
(2016): The Ophiostoma clavatum species complex: a newly defined group in the Ophiostomatales including three novel taxa
ANTON LEEUW INT J G. 2016; 109(7): 987-1018. FullText FullText_BOKU

Two species of blue-stain fungi with similar morphologies, Ophiostoma brunneo-ciliatum and Ophiostoma clavatum, are associates of bark beetles infesting Pinus spp. in Europe. This has raised questions whether they represent distinct taxa. Absence of herbarium specimens and contaminated or mistakenly identified cultures of O. brunneo-ciliatum and O. clavatum have accentuated the uncertainty regarding their correct identification. The aim of this study was to reconsider the identity of European isolates reported as O. brunneo-ciliatum and O. clavatum by applying DNA-based identification methods, and to provide appropriate type specimens for them. Phylogenetic analyses of the ITS, beta T, TEF-1 alpha and CAL gene sequences revealed that the investigated isolates represent a complex of seven cryptic species. The study confirmed that ITS data is insufficient to delineate species in some Ophiostoma species clusters. Lectotypes and epitypes were designated for O. clavatum and O. brunneo-ciliatum, and three new species, Ophiostoma brunneolum, Ophiostoma macroclavatum and Ophiostoma pseudocatenulatum, are described in the newly defined O. clavatum-complex. The other two species included in the complex are Ophiostoma ainoae and Ophiostoma tapionis. The results suggest co-evolution of these fungi in association with specific bark beetles. The results also confirm the identity of the fungus associated with the pine bark beetle Ips acuminatus as O. clavatum, while O. brunneo-ciliatum appears to be mainly associated with another pine bark beetle, Ips sexdentatus.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Kirisits Thomas

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Bark beetle-associated fungi
Ophiostomatoid fungi
Ophiostoma brunneolum
Ophiostoma macroclavatum
Ophiostoma pseudocatenulatum

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