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Gewählte Publikation:

Knudsen, MT; Hermansen, JE; Cederberg, C; Herzog, F; Vale, J; Jeanneret, P; Sarthou, JP; Friedel, JK; Balazs, K; Fjellstad, W; Kainz, M; Wolfrum, S; Dennis, P.
(2017): Characterization factors for land use impacts on biodiversity in life cycle assessment based on direct measures of plant species richness in European farmland in the 'Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forest' biome
SCI TOTAL ENVIRON, 580, 358-366; ISSN 0048-9697 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a widely used tool to assess environmental sustainability of products. The LCA should optimally cover the most important environmental impact categories such as climate change, eutrophication and biodiversity. However, impacts on biodiversity are seldom included in LCAs due to methodological limitations and lack of appropriate characterization factors. When assessing organic agricultural products the omission of biodiversity in LCA is problematic, because organic systems are characterized by higher species richness at field level compared to the conventional systems. Thus, there is a need for characterization factors to estimate land use impacts on biodiversity in life cycle assessment that are able to distinguish between organic and conventional agricultural land use that can be used to supplement and validate the few currently suggested characterization factors. Based on a unique dataset derived from field recording of plant species diversity in farmland across six European countries, the present study provides new midpoint occupation Characterization Factors (CF) expressing the Potentially Disappeared Fraction (PDF) to estimate land use impacts on biodiversity in the xxxTemperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forestxxx biome in Europe. The method is based on calculation of plant species on randomly selected test sites in the biome and enables the calculation of characterization factors that are sensitive to particular types of management. While species richness differs between countries, the calculated CFs are able to distinguish between different land use types (pastures (monocotyledons or mixed), arable land and hedges) and management practices (organic or conventional production systems) across countries. The new occupation CFs can be used to supplement or validate the few current CFxxxs and can be applied in LCAs of agricultural products to assess land use impacts on species richness in the xxxTemperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forestxxx biome. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Friedel Jürgen Kurt
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
LCA
Organic agriculture
Conventional farming
Biodiversity damage potential
Potentially disappeared fraction of species
General habitat categories


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