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Gewählte Publikation:

Galli, A; Iha, K; Halle, M; El Bilali, H; Grunewald, N; Eaton, D; Capone, R; Debs, P; Bottalico, F.
(2017): Mediterranean countries' food consumption and sourcing patterns: An Ecological Footprint viewpoint
SCI TOTAL ENVIRON, 578, 383-391; ISSN 0048-9697 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Securing food for growing populations while minimizing environmental externalities is becoming a key topic in the current sustainability debate. This is particularly true in the Mediterranean region, which is characterized by scarce natural resources and increasing climate-related impacts. This paper focuses on the pressure Mediterranean people place on the Earth ecosystems because of their food consumption and sourcing patterns and then explores ways in which such pressure can be reduced. To do so, it uses an Ecological-Footprint-Extended Multi-Regional Input-Output (EF-MRIO) approach applied to 15 Mediterranean countries. Results indicate that food consumption is a substantial driver of the regionxxxs ecological deficit, whereby demand for renewable resources and ecosystems services outpaces the capacity of its ecosystems to provide them. Portugal, Malta and Greece are found to have the highest per capita food Footprints (1.50,1.25 and 1.22 global hectares (gha), respectively), while Slovenia, Egypt and Israel have the lowest (0.63, 0.64 and 0.79 gha, respectively). With the exception of France, all Mediterranean countries rely on the biocapacity of foreign countries to satisfy their residentsxxx demand for food. By analyzing the effect of shifting to a calorie-adequate diet or changing dietary patterns, we finally point out that the regionxxxs Ecological Footprint - and therefore its ecological deficit - could be reduced by 8% to 10%. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license.
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Mediterranean diet
Footprint
Food security
Food trade
Food consumption


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