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Gewählte Publikation:

Lopandic, K.
(2018): Saccharomyces interspecies hybrids as model organisms for studying yeast adaptation to stressful environments
YEAST. 2018; 35(1): 21-38. FullText FullText_BOKU

The strong development of molecular biology techniques and next-generation sequencing technologies in the last two decades has significantly improved our understanding of the evolutionary history of Saccharomyces yeasts. It has been shown that many strains isolated from man-made environments are not pure genetic lines, but contain genetic materials from different species that substantially increase their genome complexity. A number of strains have been described as interspecies hybrids, implying different yeast species that under specific circumstances exchange and recombine their genomes. Such fusing usually results in a wide variety of alterations at the genetic and chromosomal levels. The observed changes have suggested a high genome plasticity and a significant role of interspecies hybridization in the adaptation of yeasts to environmental stresses and industrial processes. There is a high probability that harsh wine and beer fermentation environments, from which the majority of interspecies hybrids have been isolated so far, influence their selection and stabilization as well as their genomic and phenotypic heterogeneity. The lessons we have learned about geno- and phenotype plasticity and the diversity of natural and commercial yeast hybrids have already had a strong impact on the development of artificial hybrids that can be successfully used in the fermentation-based food and beverage industry. The creation of artificial hybrids through the crossing of strains with desired attributes is a possibility to obtain a vast variety of new, but not genetically modified yeasts with a range of improved and beneficial traits. Copyright (c) 2017 John Wiley *** Sons, Ltd.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Lopandic Ksenija

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
yeast interspecies hybrids
genetic diversity
phenotypic diversity
Sacharomyces cerevisiae x Saccharomyces eubayanus
Sacharomyces cerevisiae x Saccharomyces kudriavzevii
artificial hybrids
adaptive evolution

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