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Gewählte Publikation:

Kastner, T; Erb, KH; Nonhebel, S.
(2011): International wood trade and forest change: A global analysis
GLOBAL ENVIRON CHANG. 2011; 21(3): 947-956. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Throughout history, humans have transformed natural forests into agricultural land, settlement areas and managed forests. Studies on the dynamics of forest change are one of the mainstays in land change science. The forest transition theory offers a powerful tool to analyze changes in human interference with forests. At the national level, a range of factors have been found to influence a countryxxxs forest change. The role of international wood product trade has, however, rarely been studied based on empirical data. We offer a global assessment of how this trade helps shape observed forest change, by relating forest stock change to net trade of wood products for the period 1997-2007 and by localizing the origin of wood consumed in a given nation. For many nations, traded wood products have a relevant impact on the course of ongoing forest transitions. We develop a general typology of how wood product trade can influence forest change and place various nations within this framework. We find that many wealthy nations with returning forests seem to accelerate this return by importing wood products. These imports appear to be provided by two main types of wood exporters: (a) by wealthy countries with low population densities and stable forests and (b) by relatively poor countries with declining forests, employing increasing population and welfare levels. We discuss these findings in the light of general theories on land use transitions and forest change and conclude by highlighting implications for national forest policies and global environmental governance, aiming at reducing negative impacts of wood products and enhancing the positive role they can play in replacing more fossil fuel intensive products. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Erb Karlheinz
Kastner Thomas
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Forest transition
Trade
Wood products
Global assessment
Displacement of environmental impacts


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