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Gewählte Publikation:

Gingrich, S; Kuskova, P; Steinberger, JK.
(2011): Long-term changes in CO2 emissions in Austria and Czechoslovakia-Identifying the drivers of environmental pressures
ENERG POLICY. 2011; 39(2): 535-543. FullText FullText_BOKU

This study presents fossil-fuel related CO2 emissions in Austria and Czechoslovakia (current Czech Republic and Slovakia) for 1830-2000. The drivers of CO2 emissions are discussed by investigating the variables of the standard Kaya identity for 1920-2000 and conducting a comparative Index Decomposition Analysis. Proxy data on industrial production and household consumption are analysed to understand the role of the economic structure. CO2 emissions increased in both countries in the long run. Czechoslovakia was a stronger emitter of CO2 throughout the time period, but per-capita emissions significantly differed only after World War I, when Czechoslovakia and Austria became independent. The difference in CO2 emissions increased until the mid-1980s (the period of communism in Czechoslovakia), explained by the energy intensity and the composition effects, and higher industrial production in Czechoslovakia. Counterbalancing factors were the income effect and household consumption. After the Velvet revolution in 1990, Czechoslovak CO2 emissions decreased, and the energy composition effect (and industrial production) lost importance. Despite their different political and economic development, Austria and Czechoslovakia reached similar levels of per-capita CO2 emissions in the late 20th century. Neither Austrian "eco-efficiency" nor Czechoslovak restructuring have been effective in reducing CO2 emissions to a sustainable level. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Gingrich Simone

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Carbon dioxide emissions
Decomposition analysis
Energy transition

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