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Gewählte Publikation:

Altenbuchner, C; Vogel, S; Larcher, M.
(2018): Social, economic and environmental impacts of organic cotton production on the livelihood of smallholder farmers in Odisha, India
RENEW AGR FOOD SYST. 2018; 33(4): 373-385. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Cotton is an important source of income for smallholder farmers in India, usually grown very intensively. To counteract negative impacts of cotton cultivation in India, such as environmental degradation and financial dependency due to high input costs, organic cotton cultivation is being promoted by non-governmental organizations in the country. This study examines how the conversion to organic cotton cultivation influences the livelihood of smallholder farmers in rural India. Interviews with organic farmers were conducted in Odisha, India, complemented by expert interviews and observations in the field. Results show that farmers profit from organic agriculture, mainly due to soil improvements, through reduced exposure to toxic chemicals and lower input costs, which in turn reduces dependency on money lenders. Organic agriculture enables smallholder farmers in the study region to improve their livelihood by providing access to training and by organizing in groups. Important social impacts identified in this study were capacity building and strengthened communities, through training and institution building. However, a higher workload, due to the higher work intensity of organic farming practices, was also observed, with this impacting women more than men. Environmental conditions and gender aspects still remain challenging.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Altenbuchner Christine
Larcher Manuela
Vogel Stefan
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
organic cotton cultivation
smallholder farmers
tribal communities
marginalized groups
female farmers
gender aspects
improvement of livelihood
sustainable development
Odisha
India


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