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Gewählte Publikation:

Zaller, JG; Cantelmo, C; Dos Santos, G; Muther, S; Gruber, E; Pallua, P; Mandl, K; Friedrich, B; Hofstetter, I; Schmuckenschlager, B; Faber, F.
(2018): Herbicides in vineyards reduce grapevine root mycorrhization and alter soil microorganisms and the nutrient composition in grapevine roots, leaves, xylem sap and grape juice
ENVIRON SCI POLLUT R. 2018; 25(23): 23215-23226. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Herbicides are increasingly applied in vineyards worldwide. However, not much is known on potential side effects on soil organisms or on the nutrition of grapevines (Vitis vinifera). In an experimental vineyard in Austria, we examined the impacts of three within-row herbicide treatments (active ingredients: flazasulfuron, glufosinate, glyphosate) and mechanical weeding on grapevine root mycorrhization; soil microorganisms; earthworms; and nutrient concentration in grapevine roots, leaves, xylem sap and grape juice. The three herbicides reduced grapevine root mycorrhization on average by 53% compared to mechanical weeding. Soil microorganisms (total colony-forming units, CFU) were significantly affected by herbicides with highest CFUs under glufosinate and lowest under glyphosate. Earthworms (surface casting activity, density, biomass, reproduction) or litter decomposition in soil were unaffected by herbicides. Herbicides altered nutrient composition in grapevine roots, leaves, grape juice and xylem sap that was collected 11 months after herbicide application. Xylem sap under herbicide treatments also contained on average 70% more bacteria than under mechanical weeding; however, due to high variability, this was not statistically significant. We conclude that interdisciplinary approaches should receive more attention when assessing ecological effects of herbicides in vineyard ecosystems.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Cantelmo Clemens
Gruber Edith
Zaller Johann
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Agroecosystem
Arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi
Belowground-aboveground interactions
Soil biota
Viticulture
Non-target effects
Weed control


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