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Gewählte Publikation:

Delelegn, YT; Purahong, W; Sanden, H; Yitaferu, B; Godbold, DL; Wubet, T.
(2018): Transition of Ethiopian highland forests to agriculture-dominated landscapes shifts the soil microbial community composition
BMC ECOL. 2018; 18: FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
BackgroundLand use changes and related land management practices significantly alter soil physicochemical properties; however, their effects on the soil microbial community structure are still unclear. In this study, we used automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis to determine the fungal and bacterial community composition in soils from different land use areas in the Ethiopian highlands. Soil samples were collected from five areas with different land uses, natural forest, eucalyptus plantation, exclosure, grassland and cropland, which had all historically been natural forest.ResultsOur results showed a significant shift in the soil bacterial and fungal community composition in response to land use change. We also identified soil physicochemical factors corresponding to the changes in bacterial and fungal communities. Although most soil attributes, including soil organic carbon, total soil nitrogen, labile P, soil pH and soil aggregate stability, were related to the change in bacterial community composition, the total soil nitrogen and soil organic carbon had the strongest relationships. The change in fungal community composition was correlated with soil nutrients, organic carbon, soil nitrogen and particularly the labile P concentration.ConclusionsThe fungal community composition was likely affected by the alteration of vegetation cover in response to land use change, whereas the bacterial communities were mainly sensitive to changes in soil attributes. The study highlights the higher sensitivity of fungal communities than bacterial communities to land use changes.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Delelegn Yoseph
Godbold Douglas L.
Sandén Hans
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Land use change
Soil microbial communities' composition
ARISA
Soil physicochemical attributes
Ethiopian highlands


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