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Gewählte Publikation:

Weninger, T; Kreiselmeier, J; Chandrasekhar, P; Julich, S; Feger, KH; Schwarzel, K; Bodner, G; Schwen, A.
(2019): Effects of tillage intensity on pore system and physical quality of silt-textured soils detected by multiple methods
SOIL RES. 2019; 57(7): 703-711. FullText FullText_BOKU

Understanding the effects of agricultural management practices on soil functionality is an ongoing challenge in environmental science and agricultural practice. In the present study we quantified the effects of changes in tillage intensity on soil physical quality and pore size distribution after 6, 10 and 23 years. At three long-term tillage experimental sites in central Europe we analysed soils under four different soil management systems: conventional mouldboard tillage; chiselling + rotary harrow; rotary harrow; and no till. These treatments differed in mechanical intensity and depth. Pore size distributions were calculated from soil water retention curves based on high-resolution measurements. Subsequently, fractions of functional pore size classes and indicators of soil physical quality were determined and compared between the treatments. In addition, we evaluated the performance of two calculation approaches for pore size distribution: (1) fitting of a smoothing cubic spline; and (2) a bimodal van Genuchten function. The parametric function yielded a higher proportion of storage pores by approximately 3-5%. The combination of multiple measurement and evaluation methods enabled detailed comparison of soil physical characteristics between different tillage treatments. No-till soils showed a distinct lack of transmissive pores and higher bulk density, but similar plant-available water capacity, compared with the other treatments. Under all soil management systems, aeration deficits were observed, emphasising the high vulnerability for compaction of silt-dominated arable soils with a low organic matter content. Hence, the design of agricultural soil management strategies on such soils needs to consider the risks of compaction as thoroughly as erosion or chemical degradation.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Bodner Gernot
Schwen Andreas
Weninger Thomas

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
high-resolution measurements
hydraulic soil properties
pore size distribution
soil degradation
soil management

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