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Gewählte Publikation:

Volkel, L; Prohaska, T; Potthast, A.
(2020): Combining phytate treatment and nanocellulose stabilization for mitigating iron gall ink damage in historic papers
HERIT SCI. 2020; 8(1), 86 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Because of its acidic and oxidative nature, iron gall ink promotes the endogenous degradation of paper manuscripts. Mechanical damage in areas of concentrated ink application or along mechanically stressed edges or folds results in problems during storage and handling. So far, such strongly degraded areas have usually been stabilized locally with thin Japanese paper and adhesives. A new and innovative material-nanocellulose-is being evaluated as a stabilizer for manuscripts that have been degraded by iron gall ink. The aim of this study is to integrate the nanocellulose application into a multi-stage calcium phytate/calcium hydrogencarbonate treatment to combine deacidification and stabilization, thus avoiding an additional stabilization and drying step. Two different types of fibrillated nanocelluloses were applied on manuscripts damaged by iron gall inks in different treatment steps. The newly formed, interlinked network of nanocellulose and paper was characterised before and after accelerated degradation in closed vials. The effects on the paper cellulose were studied by size exclusion chromatography and light scattering with carbonyl group profiling to follow cellulose hydrolysis and oxidation pathways. In addition, the migration behavior of iron ions was examined by laser ablation coupled with metal analysis (ICP-MS). This paper discusses the applicability and stability of nanocellulose on paper damaged by iron gall ink with regard to its long-term performance. Advantages and limitations are covered in detail.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Potthast Antje
Prohaska Thomas
Völkel Laura
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Iron gall ink
Calcium phytate
calcium hydrogencarbonate treatment
Nanocellulose
nanofibrillated cellulose
Chemical stabilization
Mechanical stabilization
Gel Permeation Chromatography
Laser Ablation-ICP-MS


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