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Gewählte Publikation:

Vlassi, A; Nesler, A; Perazzolli, M; Lazazzara, V; Büschl, C; Parich, A; Puopolo, G; Schuhmacher, R; .
(2020): Volatile Organic Compounds From
Front Microbiol. 2020; 11:1748 FullText FullText_BOKU

The genusLysobacterincludes several bacterial species which show potential for being used in biological control of plant diseases. It was shown recently that severalLysobactertype strains produce volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which controlled the growth ofPhytophthora infestans in vitrowhen the bacteria were grown on a protein rich medium. In the present study,Lysobacter capsiciAZ78 (AZ78) has been tested for its potential to produce VOCs that may contribute to the bioactivity against soilborne plant pathogens. To this end, split Petri dish assays of bacterial cultures have been combined with GC-MS measurements with the aim to reveal the identity of the VOCs which inhibit the growth ofPythium ultimum Rhizoctonia solani, andSclerotinia minor. While AZ78 completely suppressed the growth ofP. ultimumandS. minor, the growth ofR. solaniwas still reduced significantly. The GC-MS analysis revealed 22 VOCs to be produced by AZ78, the majority of which were (putatively) identified as mono- and dialkylated methoxypyrazines. Based on additional cultivation and GC-MS experiments, 2,5-dimethylpyrazine, 2-ethyl-3-methoxypyrazine and 2-isopropyl-3-methoxypyrazine were selected as presumable bioactive compounds. Further bioassays employing indirect exposure to standard solutions (1-10 mg per Petri dish) of the synthetic compounds via the gas phase, revealed that each of these pyrazines was able to suppress the growth of the pathogens under investigation. The results of this study highlight the possible future implementation of pyrazine derivatives in the control of soilborne plant diseases and further support the biocontrol potential ofL. capsiciAZ78.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Büschl Christoph
Parich Alexandra
Schuhmacher Rainer
Vlassi Anthi

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Lysobacter capsiciAZ78
biological control
soilborne plant pathogens

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