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Gewählte Publikation:

Shapovalov, Y; Zhadan, S; Bochmann, G; Salyuk, A; Nykyforov, V.
(2020): Dry Anaerobic Digestion of Chicken Manure: A Review
APPL SCI-BASEL. 2020; 10(21), 7825 FullText FullText_BOKU

Featured Application The paper could be useful for further researches in the field of dry anaerobic digestion of high nitrogen-containing waste and it can be used for optimization of an industrial setting. Providing anaerobic digestion is a prospective technology for utilizing organic waste, however, for waste with a high content of nitrogen such as manure, dilution is necessary to decrease the ammonia inhibition effect which leads to the production of a huge effluent amount which is difficult to use. Dry anaerobic digestion has some advantages such as reduced reactor volume, higher volumetric methane yield, lower energy consumption for heating, less wastewater production, and lower logistic costs for fertilizers. These factors generate interest in using it for treatment of even high-nitrogen substrates. The purpose of this work was to analyze different dry anaerobic digestion technologies, the features of dry anaerobic digestion, laboratory studies on chicken manure dry anaerobic digestion, and methods of reducing inhibitors' effects. Nowadays, there are no dry anaerobic industrial plants working on chicken manure. However, studies on dry anaerobic digestion of chicken manure have proven the possibility of methane production under fermentation of chicken manure with high total solids content, but the process has been described as being unstable. Co-fermentation, ammonium/ammonia removal, and adaptation of the microbial consortium have been used to decrease the effect of ammonia inhibition. A prospective way for ammonia concentration control is absorption using a non-volatile sorbent located in the reactor. It decreases ammonia content during wet anaerobic digestion by 33% and it is characterized by having a positive economic effect. Therefore, dry anaerobic fermentation of chicken manure is possible, but there is still no efficient way to provide it. The results of this article should be helpful in the selection of anaerobic digestion technology for treating chicken manure.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Bochmann Günther

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
anaerobic digestion
water consumption
ammonia removal

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