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Gewählte Publikation:

Leitner, P; Borgwardt, F; Birk, S; Graf, W; .
(2021): Multiple stressor effects on benthic macroinvertebrates in very large European rivers - A typology-based evaluation of faunal responses as a basis for future bioassessment.
Sci Total Environ. 2021; 756:143472 FullText FullText_BOKU

Two factors complicate the ecological status classification of very large rivers in Europe according to the EU Water Framework Directive: First, current assessment methods do not fully consider the specific ecology of very large rivers (such as lateral connectivity and the role of floodplains for ecological status). Second, most of Europe's very large rivers have been severely altered by human activities such as flood protection, damming and navigation. The aim of our study is to develop an assessment method for very large rivers by identifying suitable biological metrics as the basis for multi-metric bioassessment using benthic invertebrates. Based on the pan-European typology of very large rivers by Borgwardt et al. (2019), we established a river type-specific assessment approach using invertebrate samples from 25 European countries and 94 very large rivers. The frequency and intensity of eight pressures jointly acting on the sampling sites were described, and a selection of suitable invertebrate community metrics were correlated with the pressure intensities to establish pressure-response relationships. The very large river types differ in terms of relevant pressures and pressure combinations, with the invertebrate communities distinctly responding to these pressure patterns. Neozoa dominance correlated strongly with 'navigation', being a major pressure at very large rivers, which entails severe hydro-morphological alterations such as channelization, riparian vegetation alteration and impoundment. Under combined pressures, a critical community turnover became evident in terms of neozoa outnumbering EPT taxa and the ratio of hemilimnic invertebrates decreasing. We propose ten bioassessment metrics, including measures of biological diversity as well as newly generated indicators, for the development of a European type-specific assessment method for very large rivers. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Borgwardt Florian
Graf Wolfram
Leitner Patrick
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Environmental Monitoring*

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Ecological status classification
EU Water Framework Directive
Multi-metric bioassessment
Multiple pressures
Very large river types

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