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Gewählte Publikation:

Regelsberger, G; Obinger, C; Zoder, R; Altmann, F; Peschek, GA.
(1999): Purification and characterization of a hydroperoxidase from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803: identification of its gene by peptide mass mapping using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1999; 170(1):1-12 FullText FullText_BOKU

A cytosolic catalase-peroxidase from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803 was purified to homogeneity by a six-step purification procedure. It is a homodimeric enzyme with a subunit molecular mass of 85 kDa. The isoelectric point of the protein is at pH 5.5; Michaelis constant, turnover number, and catalytic efficiency of the catalase activity for H2O2 were measured to be 4.8 mM, 3450 s(-1), and 7.2x10(5) M-1 s(-1), respectively. Preparation and spectroscopy of the pyridine ferrohemochrome identified an iron protoporphyrin IX as the prosthetic group. The enzyme was shown to exhibit both catalase and peroxidase activities, both of which were inhibited by cyanide, leading to a high-spin to low-spin transition of the heme iron center as detected by a shift of the Soret peak from 405 to 421 nm. The catalase-specific inhibitor 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole proved ineffective. o-Dianisidine, pyrogallol and guaiacol functioned as a peroxidatic substrate, but no reaction was detected with NADH, NADPH, glutathione, and ascorbate. Peptide mass mapping using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry showed the identity between the purified protein and a putative katG gene derived from the genome of SI Synechocystis PCC 6803. A comparison of amino acid sequences of the catalase-peroxidase from Synechocystis PCC 6803 and those from other bacteria showed a high homology around the assumed distal and proximal histidine residues, suggesting a highly conserved histidine as the fifth ligand of the heme iron. (C) 1999 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Altmann Friedrich
Obinger Christian
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Amino Acid Sequence -
Bacterial Proteins -
Base Sequence -
Catalase - chemistry
Cyanobacteria - enzymology
DNA, Bacterial - analysis
Hydrogen Peroxide - metabolism
Kinetics -
Molecular Sequence Data -
Peptide Mapping - methods
Peroxidases - chemistry
Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Synechocystis PCC 6803
hydrogen peroxide scavenging

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