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Gewählte Publikation:

Kaumbata, W; Nakimbugwe, H; Nandolo, W; Banda, LJ; Meszaros, G; Gondwe, T; Woodward-Greene, MJ; Rosen, BD; Van Tassell, CP; Solkner, J; Wurzinger, M.
(2021): Experiences from the Implementation of Community-Based Goat Breeding Programs in Malawi and Uganda: A Potential Approach for Conservation and Improvement of Indigenous Small Ruminants in Smallholder Farms
SUSTAINABILITY-BASEL. 2021; 13(3), 1494 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Maintaining diversity of small ruminant genetic resources is instrumental for sustainable agricultural production. Community-based livestock breeding programs (CBBPs) have emerged as a potential approach to implement breeding programs in smallholder farms. This study assesses the viability of CBBPs as a potential approach for conservation and improvement of indigenous small ruminants, using case studies of goat CBBPs in Malawi and Uganda. Data were collected using focus group discussions, personal interviews, and direct observations. The program promotes and empowers smallholders to have access to small ruminant feed resources through protection of existing communal pasturelands, capacity building in pasture production, and conservation of crop residues and crop by-products. Implementation of the CBBP enhances the contributions through improved animal growth performance, kids' survival, and twinning rates leading to increased offtake rates and better prices. The existence of permanently established supporting organizations and other stakeholders provides sustainable institutional support instrumental for the establishment and growth of CBBPs. However, establishment of functional community-based institutions (producer cooperatives) and investments in institutional/policy reforms to safeguard fair trading, access to common resources by small ruminant keepers, and adoption of the CBBP model into national livestock development programs are some of the key milestones that can guarantee sustainability.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Meszaros Gabor
Sölkner Johann
Wurzinger Maria
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
farm animal genetic resources
governance
breeding programs
sustainability


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