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Gewählte Publikation:

Geiss, AF; Reichhart, TMB; Pejker, B; Plattner, E; Herzog, PL; Schulz, C; Ludwig, R; Felice, AKG; Haltrich, D.
(2021): Engineering the Turnover Stability of Cellobiose Dehydrogenase toward Long-Term Bioelectronic Applications
ACS SUSTAIN CHEM ENG. 2021; 9(20): 7086-7100. FullText FullText_BOKU

Cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) is an attractive oxidoreductase for bioelectrochemical applications. Its two-domain structure allows the flavoheme enzyme to establish direct electron transfer to biosensor and biofuel cell electrodes. Yet, the application of CDH in these devices is impeded by its limited stability under turnover conditions. In this work, we aimed to improve the turnover stability of CDH by semirational, high-throughput enzyme engineering. We screened 13 736 colonies in a 96-well plate setup for improved turnover stability and selected 11 improved variants. Measures were taken to increase the reproducibility and robustness of the screening setup, and the statistical evaluation demonstrates the validity of the procedure. The selected CDH variants were expressed in shaking flasks and characterized in detail by biochemical and electrochemical methods. Two mechanisms contributing to turnover stability were found: (i) replacement of methionine side chains prone to oxidative damage and (ii) the reduction of oxygen reactivity achieved by an improved balance of the individual reaction rates in the two CDH domains. The engineered CDH variants hold promise for the application in continuous biosensors or biofuel cells, while the deduced mechanistic insights serve as a basis for future enzyme engineering approaches addressing the turnover stability of oxidoreductases in general.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Geiss Frank
Haltrich Dietmar
Ludwig Roland
Pejker Barbara
Plattner Esther

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
cellobiose dehydrogenase
high-throughput screening
turnover stability
direct electron transfer

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