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Gewählte Publikation:

Klimek-Kopyra, A; Bacior, M; Lorenc-Kozik, A; Neugschwandtner, RW; Zajac, T.
(2021): Intraspecific competition as a driver for true production potential of soybean
ITAL J AGRON. 2021; 16(1), 1709 FullText FullText_BOKU

Phenotypic plasticity of agricultural plants is considered to be one of the main means by which plants cope with the variability of environmental factors. A major contributor to plant plasticity is sowing density, which has a relevant impact on competitive intensity concerning plant density in different environments (CI) and absolute severity of competition (ASC) concerning plant-plant responses to each other in canopy. A field experiment with soybean was set up at the Experimental Station in Prusy, Krakow, to determine the impact of intraspecific competition on growth, plant architecture, nitrogen accumulation, and yield of soybean as an effect of seven different plant densities and weather conditions. The study showed that intraspecific competition in soybean was conditioned by sowing density and access to water, thus revealing the true plant productive potential. Low intraspecific competition increased with plant density causing an increase in the yield of plants. In the wet year of 2014, strong intraspecific competition resulted in high yield and nitrogen accumulation only up to a density of 42 plants m(-2), compared to dry years when nitrogen uptake of soybean increased with plant density in full range. The CI and ASC competition indices were sensitive to the varying amount of rainfall. Greater rainfall during crop vegetation increased the intensity of competition as well as the absolute severity of competition and decreased the relative yield with increasing density. In contrast, drought reduced intraspecific competition, eliminating it entirely at over 52 plants m(-2).
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Neugschwandtner Reinhard

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Plant competition
intraspecific relations
seed yield

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