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Gewählte Publikation:

Landis, JB; Miller, CM; Broz, AK; Bennett, AA; Carrasquilla-Garcia, N; Cook, DR; Last, RL; Bedinger, PA; Moghe, GD.
(2021): Migration through a Major Andean Ecogeographic Disruption as a Driver of Genetic and Phenotypic Diversity in a Wild Tomato Species
MOL BIOL EVOL. 2021; 38(8): 3202-3219. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Evolutionary dynamics at the population level play a central role in creating the diversity of life on our planet. In this study, we sought to understand the origins of such population-level variation in mating systems and defensive acylsugar chemistry in Solanum habrochaites-a wild tomato species found in diverse Andean habitats in Ecuador and Peru. Using Restriction-site-Associated-DNA-Sequencing (RAD-seq) of 50 S. habrochaites accessions, we identified eight population clusters generated via isolation and hybridization dynamics of 4-6 ancestral populations. Detailed characterization of mating systems of these clusters revealed emergence of multiple self-compatible (SC) groups from progenitor self-incompatible populations in the northern part of the species range. Emergence of these SC groups was also associated with fixation of deleterious alleles inactivating acylsugar acetylation. The Amotape-Huancabamba Zone-a geographical landmark in the Andes with high endemism and isolated microhabitats-was identified as a major driver of differentiation in the northern species range, whereas large geographical distances contributed to population structure and evolution of a novel SC group in the central and southern parts of the range, where the species was also inferred to have originated. Findings presented here highlight the role of the diverse ecogeography of Peru and Ecuador in generating population differentiation, and enhance our understanding of the microevolutionary processes that create biological diversity.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Bennett Alexandra
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
RAD-seq
population genomics
mating systems
plant evolution
metabolic evolution
biodiversity


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