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Gewählte Publikation:

Hill, B; Santner, J; Spiegel, H; Puschenreiter, M; Wenzel, WW.
(2021): Diffusive gradients in thin films predicts crop response better than calcium-acetate-lactate extraction
NUTR CYCL AGROECOSYS. 2021; 121(2-3): 227-240. FullText FullText_BOKU

Soil P testing has been widely used to predict crop yields, P uptake, and fertilizer demands in agriculture. Diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) provides a zero-sink soil P test which mimics diffusion-controlled plant uptake and has previously been found to predict P availability to crops better than conventional quantity-based P tests in highly weathered Australian, though not in European soils. Here we tested the performance of DGT and the Austrian and German standard P quantity test calcium acetate lactate (CAL) to explain the variation of crop yield and P uptake response of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in long-term P fertilization experiments at four different sites in eastern Austria. Phosphorus extracted with DGT (P-DGT) and CAL (P-CAL) correlated well in similar soils but not across sites with large variation in soil and site properties such as carbonate equivalent and water availability. The predictive power of DGT for barley (R-2 = 0.42) and wheat grain yield (R-2 = 0.32), and P uptake in wheat grains (R-2 = 0.36) was clearly superior to that of the CAL, and less dependent on soil properties. The better performance of DGT compared to the quantity test is consistent with diffusion-limited P uptake in the water-limited cultivated soils of eastern Austria. The critical values of P deficiency derived from the Mitscherlich-type fits for barley and wheat at 80% relative yield are 64.9 and 26.2 mu g L-1, respectively, consistent with differential P demands of the crops.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Puschenreiter Markus
Santner Jakob
Wenzel Walter
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT)
Calcium acetate lactate extraction (CAL)
Long-term field experiment

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