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Gewählte Publikation:

Karer, M; Rager-Resch, M; Haider, T; Petroczi, K; Gludovacz, E; Borth, N; Jilma, B; Boehm, T.
(2022): Diamine oxidase knockout mice are not hypersensitive to orally or subcutaneously administered histamine
INFLAMM RES. 2022; 71(4): 497-511. FullText FullText_BOKU

Objective To evaluate the contribution of endogenous diamine oxidase (DAO) in the inactivation of exogenous histamine, to find a mouse strain with increased histamine sensitivity and to test the efficacy of rhDAO in a histamine challenge model. Methods Diamine oxidase knockout (KO) mice were challenged with orally and subcutaneously administered histamine in combination with the beta-adrenergic blocker propranolol, with the two histamine-N-methyltransferase (HNMT) inhibitors metoprine and tacrine, with folic acid to mimic acute kidney injury and treated with recombinant human DAO. Core body temperature was measured using a subcutaneously implanted microchip and histamine plasma levels were quantified using a homogeneous time resolved fluorescence assay. Results Core body temperature and plasma histamine levels were not significantly different between wild type (WT) and DAO KO mice after oral and subcutaneous histamine challenge with and without acute kidney injury or administration of HNMT inhibitors. Treatment with recombinant human DAO reduced the mean area under the curve (AUC) for core body temperature loss by 63% (p = 0.002) and the clinical score by 88% (p < 0.001). The AUC of the histamine concentration was reduced by 81%. Conclusions Inactivation of exogenous histamine is not driven by enzymatic degradation and kidney filtration. Treatment with recombinant human DAO strongly reduced histamine-induced core body temperature loss, histamine concentrations and prevented the development of severe clinical symptoms.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Borth Nicole
Gludovacz Elisabeth

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Amine oxidase (copper-containing)
Histamine N-methyltransferase
Acute kidney injury
Body temperature

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