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Gewählte Publikation:

Ehn, M; Michel, S; Morales, L; Gordon, T; Dallinger, HG; Buerstmayr, H.
(2022): Genome-wide association mapping identifies common bunt (Tilletia caries) resistance loci in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) accessions of the USDA National Small Grains Collection
THEOR APPL GENET. 2022; 135(9): 3103-3115. FullText FullText_BOKU

Common bunt caused by Tilletia caries and T. laevis was successfully controlled by seed dressings with systemic fungicides for decades, but has become a renewed threat to wheat yield and quality in organic agriculture where such treatments are forbidden. As the most efficient way to address this problem is the use of resistant cultivars, this study aims to broaden the spectrum of resistance sources available for breeders by identifying resistance loci against common bunt in bread wheat accessions of the USDA National Small Grains Collection. We conducted three years of artificially inoculated field trials to assess common bunt infection levels in a diversity panel comprising 238 wheat accessions for which data on resistance against the closely related pathogen Tilletia controversa causing dwarf bunt was already available. Resistance levels against common bunt were higher compared to dwarf bunt with 99 accessions showing <= 1% incidence. Genome-wide association mapping identified six markers significantly associated with common bunt incidence in regions already known to confer resistance on chromosomes 1A and 1B and novel loci on 2B and 7A. Our results show that resistance against common and dwarf bunt is not necessarily controlled by the same loci but we identified twenty accessions with high resistance against both diseases. These represent valuable new resources for research and breeding programs since several bunt races have already been reported to overcome known resistance genes.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Bürstmayr Hermann
Lunzer Magdalena
Michel Sebastian
Morales Laura

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Tilletia caries
Triticum aestivum
Genome-wide association mapping
Resistance breeding
Diversity panel

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