BOKU - Universität für Bodenkultur Wien - Forschungsinformationssystem

Logo BOKU-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

Wieser, H., Kieffer, R., Lelley, T..
(2000): The influence of 1B/1R chromosome translocation on gluten protein composition and technological properties of bread wheat.
J. Sci. Food Agric., 80, 1640-1647

Abstract:
The Austrian bread wheat Amadeus without and with 1BL/1RS translocation and three further translocation genotypes with known HMW subunit compositions were grown under the same environmental conditions. Their flours were characterised by the determination of crude protein content and, partly, by the determination of glutathione and cysteine. Furthermore, the qualitative and quantitative composition of gluten protein types was analysed by a combined extraction and reversed phase HPLC procedure. Dough development time, maximum resistance and extensibility of dough and gluten, and bread volume were determined by means of microscale methods. Protein, glutathione and cysteine contents of flours were only slightly influenced by translocation. The HPLC patterns of gliadins and glutenin subunits showed that translocation caused characteristic changes concerning omega-gliadins, gamma-gliadins and LMW subunits of glutenin. The amount of omega 1,2-gliadins was significantly increased and that of LMW subunits decreased. The effect of translocation on the rheological properties of dough and gluten was characterised by a strongly reduced dough development time, reduced maximum resistance and increased extensibility. Bread volume was decreased by about 10%. The amount of glutenin subunits was correlated with dough development time, resistance of dough and gluten, and bread volume to a higher extent (r=0.79-0.91) than the amount of gliadins (r=0.52-0.80). Correlation coefficients for LMW subunits were higher (r=0.82-0.88) than those for HMW subunits (r=0.35-0.61) when all five wheats were included. Instead, when only translocation lines were considered, HMW subunits (r=0.89-0.98) were more important than LMW subunits (r = 0.64-0.86). Altogether, the results demonstrate that translocation causes important quantitative as well as qualitative changes in gluten protein composition which can be efficiently determined by reversed phase HPLC. (C) 2000 Society of Chemical Industry.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Lelley Tamas
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
wheat-rye translocation
genotypes
gluten protein composition
technological properties


© BOKU Wien Impressum