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Gewählte Publikation:

Puschenreiter M, Wieczorek S, Horak O and Wenzel WW.
(2003): Chemical changes in the rhizosphere of metal hyperaccumulator and excluder Thlaspi species
J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 166, 579-584 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Rhizosphere processes involved in hyperaccumulation and exclusion of metals are still largely unknown. Therefore, we conducted a rhizobag experiment on contaminated and non-contaminated soils to investigate the chemical changes in the rhizosphere of the hyperaccumulators Thlaspi goesingense and T. caerulescens, and the metal-excluder T. arvense. Root growth was restricted to the rhizobags separated by a nylon membrane (7 mum x 25 mum mesh size) from surrounding bulk soil. Depletion of labile Zn in rhizosphere could not explain the amount of metals accumulated in T. caerulescens, whereas the difference in EDTA-extractable Zn even exceeded total plant uptake. Substantially increased DOC in T. arvense rhizosphere indicates alleviation of phytotoxicity by formation of metal-organic complexes. Hyperaccumulation and depletion of labile Zn in the rhizosphere was observed for T. goesingense grown on contaminated soil. On non-contaminated soil, Zn was accumulated but labile Zn in rhizosphere was not changed. Nickel present in background concentrations in both soils was accumulated by T. goesingense only when grown on non-contaminated soil. In contrast, labile Ni in the rhizosphere was increased in both soils, suggesting a general tendency of Ni mobilization by T. goesingense.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Puschenreiter Markus
Wenzel Walter

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
hyperaccumulation
heavy metals
rhizosphere
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi caerulescens
Thlaspi goesingense


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