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Gewählte Publikation:

Hann, S; Koellensperger, G; Kanitsar, K; Stingeder, G; Brunner, M; Erovic, B; Müller, M; Reiter, C.
(2003): Platinum determination by inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS) in different matrices relevant to human biomonitoring.
Anal Bioanal Chem. 2003; 376(2):198-204 FullText FullText_BOKU

The analytical challenges of Pt determination by ICP-SFMS posed by different human tissues and fluids have been critically assessed. Investigated samples were (1) urine, (2) serum of cancer patients sampled during chemotherapy with carboplatin, (3) microdialysates (20 muL sample volume) collected from tumor and non-tumor tissue, and, finally - for the first time - (4) human lung tissue to study background concentrations of inhaled platinum. Sample preparation involved microwave digestion and open vessel treatment or simple dilution (microdialysates). Depending on the sample preparation and introduction systems used (microconcentric nebulization, ultrasonic nebulization with and without membrane desolvation) excellent procedural detection limits (3s criterion) of 0.35 pg g(-1) for urine, 420 pg g(-1) for serum, 400 pg g(-1) for lung tissue and 13 pg g-1 for microdialysates could be obtained. Ultratrace concentrations of 1-40 pg g(-1), and 1000-3000 pg g(-1) were measured in urine and human lung tissue, respectively, as typical for samples in environmental studies. Quantification was carried out by IDMS and standard addition in the case of urine samples. Internal standardization could not correct for non-spectral interferences in external calibration. In the serum and microdialysates of patients during chemotherapy with carboplatin, elevated Pt levels ranging between 0.01 and 10 mug(-1) were determined by external calibration (Pt-195 isotope). For all investigated samples spectral interferences could be excluded by following different strategies. High-resolution control measurements (Pt-194, Pt-195) were performed in the case of elevated Pt levels, i.e. for microdialysates and serum samples. An Hf/Pt ratio of 0.4 was determined in human lung samples. An HfO formation ratio of 0.2% was assessed for standard solutions at the present experimental conditions, revealing that the contribution of (HfO)-Hf-179-O-16 (HfO)-Hf-178-O-17 (HfO)-Hf-177-O-18 to the Pt-195 isotope signal used for quantification was not significant.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Brunner Marion
Hann Stephan
Köllensperger Gunda
Stingeder Gerhard Josef
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Blood Chemical Analysis - methods
Humans -
Isotopes -
Lung - chemistry
Mass Spectrometry - methods
Platinum - blood
Radioisotope Dilution Technique -
Sensitivity and Specificity -
Urinalysis - methods

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry
clinical microdialysis
lung tissue

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