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Gewählte Publikation:

Liti, D.M., Waidbacher, H., Straif, M., Mbaluka, R.K., Munguti, J.M., Kyenze, M.M..
(2006): Effects of partial and complete replacement of freshwater shrimp meal (Caridina niloticus Roux) with a mixture of plant protein sources on growth performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) in fertilized ponds
Aquaculture research, 37, (5), 477-483; ISSN-1355-557X FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Despite the well-documented herbivorous food habits, commercial feeds for production of Oreochromis niloticus usually contain between 7% and 15% animal protein. However, animal protein feedstuffs are expensive, hence the need to search for cost-effective alternatives in plant-protein sources. Such alternatives are probably more effective in semi-intensive systems where natural pond food forms part of the diet. This study evaluated the performance of O. niloticus after feeding diets in which fresh shrimp meal (SM) was gradually replaced by a mixture of plant-protein sources in fertilized ponds. Three isonitronegenous (24% crude protein) diets containing 12 (control), 6% and 0% SM were fed to three groups of O. niloticus in four replicates per group for 250 days. Fish were fed daily at 2% body weight and sampled monthly to monitor growth and make feed adjustments. Growth, yields, survival and feed conversion ratio were not significantly different (P > 0.05) among treatments. Growth of males was double that of females, while the sex ratio was skewed towards females. Although complete substitution of SM by plant protein did not affect the growth of tilapia, production cost was reduced by 36%. In conclusion, animal protein is not required in diets for production of O. niloticus in fertilized ponds.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Waidbacher Herwig
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Oreochromis niloticus
cottonseed
wheat bran
semi-intensive
shrimp meal


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