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Gewählte Publikation:

Huber, M., Halmschlager, E., Sterba, H..
(2009): The impact of forest fertilization on growth of mature Norway spruce affected by Sirococcus shoot blight
FOREST ECOL MANAG, 257, 1489-1495; ISSN 0378-1127 FullText FullText_BOKU

The effects of forest fertilization and Sirococcus shoot blight on growth of mature Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) were studied in a field experiment. The single tree fertilization experiment was established with 144 sample trees in the year 2000. These trees were selected among the dominant and co-dominant trees of the stand in a way that half of the trees exhibited symptoms of Sirococcus shoot blight and the other half did not. One-third of the sample trees were fertilized with dolomitic lime, one-third with kieserite and gypsum and one-third were left unfertilized as control. The treatments were randomly assigned to the sample trees. As the experimental design became unbalanced due to tree mortality caused by bark beetle infestation final analyses were performed with the volume growth data of 125 sample trees only. An analysis of covariance was used to evaluate the effect of fertilization and Sirococcus shoot blight on volume growth. The average volume increment of the period 1977-1980 was used as a covariate attribute, assuming that during this period growth was not yet affected by Sirococcus shoot blight. Indeed an effect of Sirococcus shoot blight on growth turned out to start after 1980 and the analysis revealed that over the whole period 1981-2006 trees with shoot blight symptoms had a significantly lower increment. The increment reduction of the nonfertilized trees by Sirococcus was 7.46 +/- 2.90% in 1981 and was continuously increasing with time to 37 +/- 3.78% by the year 2000. A significant positive effect of fertilization was only found for the kieserite + gypsum variant from 2002 to 2006, with the highest surplus increment in 2004 with 31.6 +/- 15.2%, calculated as average over the diseased and healthy group. However, a mitigation of the Sirococcus-caused increment loss via fertilization with kieserite and gypsum was statistically significant only for the year 2003. A moderate relationship between basal area increment and disease severity was found, indicating decreasing basal area increment with increasing disease severity. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved,
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Halmschlager Erhard
Huber Markus
Sterba Hubert

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Picea abies
Sirococcus conigenus
Dolomitic lime
Disease severity

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