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Gewählte Publikation:

Wiedermann, U; Jahn-Schmid, B; Fritsch, R; Bauer, L; Renz, H; Kraft, D; Ebner, C.
(1998): Effects of adjuvants on the immune response to allergens in a murine model of allergen inhalation: cholera toxin induces a Th1-like response to Bet v 1, the major birch pollen allergen.
Clin Exp Immunol. 1998; 111(1):144-151

Based on the fact that type I allergies are frequently elicited by inhalant allergens, we have established a model of aerosol inhalation leading to allergic sensitization in BALB/c mice. Using this model we studied the effects of aluminium hydroxide (AI(OH)(3)), known to enhance IgE antibody responses, compared with cholera toxin (CT), a potent mucosal adjuvant, on the immune response to birch pollen (BP) and its major allergen Bet v 1. Two groups of BALB/c mice were either systemically immunized with recombinant Bet v 1 in Al(OH)(3) and subsequently aerosol exposed to BP allergen, or aerosolized with BP and CT. IgE-mediated skin reactions were only elicited in the mice which had received Bet v1/Al(OH)(3). Allergen-specific serum IgE and IgG1 antibodies dominated in the Al(OH)(3) group, IgG2a antibody levels to BP and rBet v 1 were markedly higher in the sera of mice exposed to CT with the allergen. IgA antibodies were only detected in the bronchial lavage of the CT-treated group. Moreover, the latter group displayed consistently higher T cell proliferative responses to BP and interferon-gamma production in vitro. Thus, the systemic immunization with rBet v 1 in AI(OH)(3) before inhalation of the BP extract promoted a Th2-like immune response, while CT mixed with the aerosolized BP extract rather induced a Th1-like immune response. In an attempt to reverse these ongoing immune responses we could achieve a shift towards a Th0 response. Immunization with BP extract without adjuvant treatment led to undetectable antibody or cellular immune responses. We conclude from the present study that the induction of an immune response to BP allergen after aerosol inhalation can be directed towards a Th1- or a Th2-like response. Once established, the immune response can be modulated.
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Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Adjuvants, Immunologic - administration & dosage
Administration, Inhalation -
Allergens - administration & dosage
Animals -
Cholera Toxin - administration & dosage
Female -
Hypersensitivity - immunology
Mice -
Mice, Inbred BALB C -
Plant Proteins - administration & dosage
Pollen - immunology
Th1 Cells - immunology

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