BOKU - Universität für Bodenkultur Wien - Forschungsinformationssystem

Logo BOKU-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

Broderick, GA; Koegel, RG; Mauries, MJ; Schneeberger, E; Kraus, TJ.
(1999): Effect of feeding macerated alfalfa silage on nutrient digestibility and milk yield in lactating dairy cows.
J Dairy Sci. 1999; 82(11):2472-2485

Five feeding studies were conducted with 141 lactating Holstein cows comparing macerated and control alfalfa silage harvested at two cuttings in each of 2 yr. Overall, silage made from macerated alfalfa contained more ash (suggesting improved soil contamination); greater fiber and lower nonprotein nitrogen (NPN) content suggested greater fermentation in the silo. In a digestion study, two diets were fed containing [dry matter (DM) basis] 72% of either control or macerated second-cutting alfalfa. Apparent digestibility of neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber (ADF) was increased by maceration, and similar changes in digestibility were observed with Yb or indigestible ADF as marker; indigestible ADF was used as a marker in later studies. Lactation trials were conducted with first- and second-cutting alfalfa from each year. In each study, diets were formulated from alfalfa silage plus concentrate based on processed high moisture ear corn; mean compositions were (DM basis): negative control (61% control alfalfa silage), macerated (61% macerated alfalfa silage), and positive control (50% control alfalfa silage). All diets contained 2% crude protein from either roasted soybeans or low-solubles fish meal; soybean meal was added to make the positive control isonitrogenous (but not equal in ruminal undegraded protein). Milk yield was greater on macerated than negative control in two of four trials but not different in the other two trials. Yields of milk and milk components were not different between macerated and positive control in one of four trials. Versus the negative control, milk fat synthesis was depressed on macerated alfalfa in one trial. Overall performance on macerated versus negative control indicated greater apparent digestibility of organic matter (OM), greater yield of milk, protein, and solids not fat, but lower milk fat content. Yields of milk and milk components were greater overall on positive control versus macerated. Estimation of net energy for lactation (NEL) from maintenance, milk yield, and body weight gain indicated that control and macerated alfalfa silage contained, respectively, 1.36 and 1.42 Mcal of NEL of OM, an increase of about 5% due to maceration of alfalfa in these trials.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena -
Animals -
Cattle - physiology
Dietary Fiber - metabolism
Dietary Proteins - administration & dosage
Digestion -
Eating -
Female -
Fish Products -
Food Handling -
Lactation -
Medicago sativa - chemistry
Rumen - metabolism
Silage -
Soybeans -
Weight Gain -
Zea mays -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
alfalfa silage

© BOKU Wien Impressum